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Genetically Modified Plants for Cultivation

GENERAL
EUROPEAN
LEGISLATION
Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC.
Regulation 1829/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed.

Regulation 882/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules*
*In process: New Draft Regulation, for a more consistent approach to official controls along the entire agri-food chain.

COEXISTENCECommission Recommendation of 13 July 2010 on guidelines for the development of national co-existence measures to avoid the unintended presence of GMOs in conventional and organic crops.
PLANT GENETIC MODIFICATIONS APPROVED FOR CULTIVATION
Commission Decision 98/294/EC: of 22 April 1998 concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified maize (Zea mays L. line MON 810), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Cultivation as “existing product”. 2007: application for renewal of authorisation in accordance with Regulation 1829/2003/EC.
Commission Decision 2010/135/EU of 2 March 2010 concerning the placing on the market, in accordance with Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of a potato product ( Solanum tuberosum L. line EH92-527-1) genetically modified for enhanced content of the amylopectin component of starch.
COUNCIL OF ENVIRONMENT

2912th Environment Council meeting, Brussels, 4 December 2008:
Council Conclusions regarding:

  • Strengthening of environmental assessment and of monitoring arrangements
  • Appraisal of socio-economic benefits and risks
  • Better use of expertise
  • European labelling thresholds for seeds
  • Sensitive and/or protected areas
NATIONAL LEGISLATION- harmonisationMinisterial Decision 341561/2645/25-02-2000, National Gazette 443/B/03-04-2000: General technical regulation for subscription of varieties of agricultural plant species. Derived from Directive 70/457/EEC of the Council of 29 September 1970 as modified.
Common Ministerial Decision 38639/2017/21-9-2005, National Gazette 1334/21-9-2005. Establishment of measures and conditions on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC.
NATIONAL LEGISLATION-official controlsCommon Ministerial Decision 332657/16-2-2001, National Gazette 176/21-2-2001: Technical regulation for the certification and control during trade, of seeds for sawing of varieties of agricultural plant species, for adventitious presence of admixtures with genetically modified seeds.
NATIONAL LEGISLATION- restrictionsMinisterial Decision 9769/121592/08-10-2013 National Gazette Β/2566/11-10-2013 «Trade prohibition in the Hellenic territory, of seeds for sowing of maize hybrids baring the genetic modification MON810».
Ministerial Decision 317/51441/2-5-2012 National Gazette Β/1567/08-05-2012 «Prohibition of use and trade of the genetic modification EH92-527-1 of potato to the environment as propagating material for cultivation» (Amflora).
NATIONAL LEGISLATION-scientific commissionMinisterial Decision 4Α15Β-Β5/17-3-2011: Definition of members for the scientific commission as defined in article 16 par.2 of the Common Ministerial Decision 38639/2017/21-9-2005.